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ACIS 2017 - Australian Centre for Italian Studies - Keynote Speakers

 

Pierangela Diadori

Università per Stranieri di Siena

Pierangela Diadori
 

Multiculturality and inclusion through plurilingual public signs in contemporary Italy

The study of words and images displayed in public spaces has been mainly investigated during the last decade under the umbrella of the research field of Linguistic Landscapes (LL), connecting discourse with space, particularly urban and open spaces. As Elana Shohamy and Durk Gorter point out “LL touches various fields and attracts scholars from a variety of different and tangent disciplines: from linguistics to geography, education, sociology, politics, environmental studies, semiotics, communication, architecture, urban planning, literacy, applied linguistics, and economics” (Linguistic Landscape. Expanding the Scenery. New York and London: Routledge, 2009: 1).

The importance of effective communication in open spaces where a large number of subjects who do not share the same language and culture are circulating is commonly shared. These are no longer limited to bilingual regions or to those areas devoted to international exchanges or concentrations of tourists, like airports, congress halls, hotels, museums, historical centres, etc.  An explosion of multilingualism has emerged in many other contexts as an expression of ethnicity, especially in urban centres where new migrants tend to settle and live.

The study of plurilingual messages  in public signs – i.e. oral, iconic and written texts anonymously produced to reach the widest range of individuals that have in common only the fact of temporarily using the same public facilities – may prove particularly interesting to investigate multiculturality and inclusion in contemporary Italy. Not only the languages used and the sign location can be interpreted as witnesses of social phenomena in a changing Italy, but also the translation quality can be an important key to understand their social impact and  the emotional reaction of addressees in the case of a poor translation. In this presentation a series of recent examples will be analysed and discussed.

 

Pierangela Diadori is Professor of Italian Linguistics at the Università per Stranieri di Siena, where she teaches graduate and post graduate courses on "Theory and technique of translation" and "Italian language teaching methodology" and where she directs the DITALS Research Centre (Certification in Teaching Italian as a Second Language). Her research activities cover the fields of Italian linguistics, second language teaching methodology, theory and technique of translation, conversation analysis and pragmatic aspects of communication. She has published a large number of books and articles, among which: Teoria e tecnica della traduzione (2012), Verso la consapevolezza traduttiva (2012), Insegnare italiano L2 a religiosi cattolici (2015), Insegnare l’italiano come seconda lingua (with D. Troncarelli and M. Palermo, 2015) and she edited How to Train Language Teacher Trainers (2012), Insegnare italiano a stranieri (2015) and, since 2005, the series DITALS risponde.

 

Maurizio Isabella

Queen Mary University of London

Maurizio Isabella

In the name of God: religion, popular mobilization and the culture wars of Italy and the Mediterranean, 1790-1860 ca

My paper locates the political culture of the Italian peninsula between the late 18th century and the mid-19th century in the context of the intellectual exchanges and conflicts taking place in the Mediterranean and Southern Europe in the age of revolutions. It does so by looking at the role played by religion and religious culture in mobilizing people across the region, from the Iberian peninsula to the Middle East, along with the cultural convergences and interactions that it produced. It argues that the rise of mass politics and the cycles of revolution and counterrevolution in the Mediterranean, combined with attempts to rebuild and stabilize the political order, made religion more, not less relevant, and its political uses more important than ever. It shows that Italian along with other intellectuals in the region (whether Catholic, Orthodox or Muslim) employed religion not only to justify rebellion and insurrection against the enemy, but also to find a solution to the problem of reconciling order and authority with freedom. By so doing, they also almost always conceived new political communities that empowered but also excluded, justifying religious intolerance more often than challenging it.

 

Maurizio Isabella is Senior Lecturer in Modern History at Queen Mary university of London. He studied at the Universities of Milan and Cambridge, UK. He has written on the political culture and economic thought of the Risorgimento, on its connections with European and extra-European national movements, and on the circulation of ideas and people across the Mediterranean in the nineteenth century. He has been recipient of fellowships at Birkbeck College London, Princeton University, Harvard University, ICS at Lisbon and the Casa De Velazquez in Madrid. His Risorgimento in Exile. Italian Emigres and the Liberal International in the Post-Napoleonic Era (Oxford, 2009), a study of exile liberalism and patriotism in the European and Transatlantic context, was named Proxime Accessit to the Gladstone Prize of the Royal Historical Society in 2010. He recently coedited with Konstantina Zanou, Mediterranean Diasporas (New York-London, 2015), the first attempt to look at connections and exchanges across the Mediterranean in the age of revolutions. He is currently working on a history of the revolutions of the 1820s in Southern Europe in global context.

 

Barbara Spackman

University of California, Berkeley

Barbara Spackman

Accidental Orientalists: Nineteenth-Century Italian Travelers in Egypt

This talk will examine two cases of what I call accidental Orientalists: natives of the Italian peninsula who found themselves in nineteenth-century Egypt by chance – desertion, misadventure, profiteering – and who adopted local dress, and, in one case, “turned Turk.”  The lesser-known of the two, Giovanni Finati, converted to Islam and passed as Albanian throughout his life in Egypt; the better-known Giovanni Belzoni adopted local dress but his conversion remained merely sartorial. The talk will track their negotiations with the fluidity and contingency of identities to be found in the para-colonial context of nineteenth-century Egypt.  Both Finati and Belzoni found themselves in roles that mediated between the British, on the hand, and the Arabs and Turks, on the other: Finati as dragoman, or interpreter, for the British, and Belzoni as excavator, funded by the British, and who in turn employed the local populations as wage laborers.  From these intermediary positions, emerge subjectivations both ambiguous and ambivalent, and their narratives suggest that there may, somewhat paradoxically, be an “Italian” specificity to be found in the particular malleability of an already weak national identity when set adrift among the fluidity of identities in Ottoman lands. 

 

Barbara Spackman, Ph.D. Yale University, is Professor of Italian Studies and Comparative Literature, and holder of the Giovanni and Ruth Elizabeth Cecchetti Chair in Italian Literature. She works on nineteenth and twentieth century Italian literature and culture, with special interests in decadence, the cultural production of the fascist period, feminist theory, travel writing and Italian Orientalism. She has published on topics as diverse as Macaronic poetry, film of the fascist period, the rhetoric of sickness at the fin de siècle, Italian futurism, contemporary feminist theory, the rhetoric of Mussolini’s speeches, Orientalism in the nineteenth century, and migrant writing in the twenty-first. She is the author of Decadent Genealogies: The Rhetoric of Sickness from Baudelaire to D’Annunzio (Cornell University Press, 1989) and Fascist Virilities: Rhetoric, Ideology, and Social Fantasy in Italy (University of Minnesota Press, 1996), which won the 1998 MLA Howard R. Marraro, and Aldo and Jeanne Scaglione Prizes for Italian Literary Studies. Her major work in progress is a study of Italian Orientalism, entitled Accidental Orientalists: Modern Italian Travelers in Ottoman Lands.

 

Nicholas Terpstra

University of Toronto

Nicholas Terpstra

Religious Refugees in the Early Modern Period:  Faith, Identity, and Purification in the Italian Context

It was in the early modern period that the religious refugee first emerged as a mass phenomenon.  Some of the reasons for this lie in movements for religious reform that were distinctly Italian. One distinguishing characteristic of all late medieval and early modern religious reform movements was their greater emphasis on collective purity and contagion, and their greater reliance on forms of discipline, enclosure, exclusion, and expulsion in order to deal with both the prospect and reality of impurity.  Italians of that time used the Body as a key motif and image, and saw reform as a means of purifying the social body by purging it of its contagious or impure elements.

This theme is a shared characteristic of movements as opposite in character as the Observance and classical Humanism, particularly as they developed in Italy through the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  It’s doubtful that Italians of the time fully understood or anticipated the broader social effects of these movements.  Yet Italians were critical creative agents in the innovations that were transforming social, intellectual, and religious life in that time, and transforming Christianity above all. Their creativity made Italy the source of the Renaissance, and in turning this creativity to pursuing purity, containment, and purgation, it became a source of the Reformation as well – and of its many many refugees. 

 

Nicholas Terpstra works on Renaissance and early modern Italian history, exploring questions at the intersection of politics, religion, gender, and charity.  He’s also been working more lately on early modern religious refugees, and recently published Religious Refugees in the Early Modern World: An Alternative History of the Reformation (Cambridge: 2015).

His publications on Renaissance Italian social history include Cultures of Charity: Women, Politics, and the Reform of Poor Relief in Renaissance Italy (Harvard: 2013) which won the Marraro Prize of the American Historical Association and the Goodhart Gordan Prize of the Renaissance Society of America; Lost Girls: Sex and Death in Renaissance Florence (Johns Hopkins: 2010); and Abandoned Children of the Italian Renaissance: Orphan Care in Florence and Bologna (Johns Hopkins: 2005).

He’s also currently working on the DECIMA project, an on-line digital map of sixteenth century Florence. They’ve produced a map that tracks occupation, gender, and wealth, and our longer term goal is to produce a map that conveys what it was like to walk around the city, hearing its sounds, moving through its buildings, and seeing its artwork. See: N. Terpstra & C. Rose (ed), Mapping Space, Sense, and Movement in Florence:  Historical GIS and the Early Modern City. (Routledge, 2016).

Since 2012, he has served as Editor of Renaissance Quarterly.